Micro-Ultrasound/Magnetic Resonance Imaging 001

Official Title

Comparison of Micro-ultrasound Targeted Biopsy to mpMRI of Prostate for Detection of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer


Micro-ultrasound is a novel real-time imaging modality which maintains the clinical workflow of conventional ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy, while potentially maintaining a similar ability to detect clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) to MRI. This prospective trial aims to compare micro-ultrasound to mpMRI in detection of csPCa in the biopsy naïve.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • The proportion of csPCa detected for each modality.
Secondary Outcome:
  • The proportion of zones of PCa correctly predicted by each modality in the whole-mount pathology specimen for the subset of men selecting radical prostatectomy for treatment.
Evidence from a large randomized clinical trial (clinical trials.gov ID NCT02079025), suggests that micro-ultrasound system is more sensitive than conventional transrectal-ultrasound (TRUS) to detect prostate cancer (PCa). the PRI-MUS (prostate risk identification using micro-ultrasound) scoring system was developed and validated to assess the risk of prostate cancer for targeted biopsy with the micro-ultrasound platform, similar to the PIRADS scoring system for suspicious areas on mpMRI. This project will compare micro-ultrasound imaging modality to the current gold-standard imaging for prostate cancer, mpMRI. By applying both modalities to the same patients, the investigators will provide a direct comparison of their screening abilities in terms of sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value. It will build evidence to demonstrate that micro-ultrasound may replace MRI/Fusion biopsy in these patients.This project aims to demonstrate that the micro-ultrasound 1) provides more sensitive initial biopsy, reducing the need for repeated procedures, thus lowering the rate of severe sepsis and the number of cancers found after local or regional progression, and 2) reduces the need for mpMRI following initial biopsy.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Canadian Cancer Society

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