Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Osseous Low Alpha-Beta Resistant Metastases for Pain Relief

Official Title

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Osseous Low Alpha-Beta Resistant Metastases for Pain Relief


Radiation therapy has been shown to be very effective at relieving pain caused by bone metastases. However, certain types of cancers such as prostate, breast, kidney, and melanoma can have resistance to radiation, making treatment less successful. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a newer form of focused treatment that gives higher doses of radiation without damage to surrounding organs. It often is used to help control and cure disease, but less commonly as a way to palliate and treat symptoms. This study is looking at using SBRT for the purposes of improving pain caused by bone metastases in prostate cancer, breast cancer, kidney cancer, and melanoma patients. It is theorized that the higher levels of radiation may be able to combat the resistance some tumour cells have to radiation therapy and provide improved pain response to treatment. The investigators are looking to show that SBRT has a role in helping this group of patients deal with painful bone lesions from their cancer without increasing side effects and toxicity from the radiation treatment.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Overall Pain Response
Secondary Outcome:
  • Overall Pain Response
  • Acute Toxicity
  • Late Toxicity
  • Patient-reported Quality of Life
  • Local Control
  • Rate of Reirradiation/Salvage Surgery
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has shown promising early results in the management of bone metastases. However, there is a paucity of prospective data studying the use of SBRT for bone metastases originating from low alpha-beta tumours, with systematic reporting of changes in pain scores and analgesia use over time. The vast majority data looking at SBRT in bone lesions focuses on local control and survival, rather than more tangible outcomes in a palliative population including symptomatic control, durability of response, and patient reported quality of life; a component that is understudied in this group despite its tremendous value. Furthermore, SBRT for bone metastases has yet to become common practice given the limited evidence for its efficacy and uncertainty in regards to toxicity. The current study proposes an investigation of the potential benefits of SBRT for symptomatic bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer, breast cancer, renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and sarcoma. The investigators look to conduct a prospective cohort study that is adequately powered to analyse efficacy in alleviating pain from bone lesions and compare this to well-established rates in literature for conventionally fractionated palliative RT. Furthermore, this study will assess the tolerability of this modality, toxicity rates, and effect on quality of life. If the results show that SBRT has a significant benefit on this population, the goal would be to pursue a larger randomized trial to confirm the findings.

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Canadian Cancer Society

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