Magnetic Occult Lesion Localization Instrument (MOLLI) Guidance System for Breast Lesion Localization

Official Title

A Registry Study Evaluating the Magnetic Occult Lesion Localization Instrument (MOLLI) Guidance System for Breast Lesion Localization


The proposed trial is a non-randomized, multi-centre, sequential arm registry evaluating clinical, and health economic outcomes following treatment with the Magnetic Occult Lesion Localization Instrument (MOLLI), an approved instrument for Breast Conserving Surgery (BCS) in patients with non-palpable lesions. All patients who have an area of concern in the breast and are identified by their physician as good candidates for BCS are eligible to participate. Patients will eventually be enrolled across 3 surgical sites (Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre - primary site, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, and North York General Hospital) over a 2 year period. Patient and system-related outcome measures will first be collected using the centre-specific standard of care (Wire-Guided Localization or Radioactive Seed Localization for BCS) to establish a baseline. Subsequently, centres will transition to the MOLLI system, recording corresponding outcomes to be used for temporal comparison. The overall objective of this study is to evaluate clinical and health economic outcomes with MOLLI compared to standard-of-care approaches.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • MOLLI Localization Success Rate
Secondary Outcome:
  • Specimen Margin Positivity
  • Re-excision rates
  • Duration of Excision
  • Duration of Implantation
  • Cost-effectiveness of MOLLI
  • Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to evaluate anxiety and depression
  • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to evaluate anxiety
  • Anxiety with Radiation
BACKGROUND INFORMATION In contemporary breast cancer management, more than 70% of breast cancer patients are eligible for - and select - breast-conserving therapy (BCS). However, issues with cosmesis, patient experience, and treatment workflow efficiency during the therapeutic process have considerable room for improvement.

BCS consists of a surgical procedure whereby the suspicious tumour and a rim of surrounding normal tissue are removed. Up to one-third of all diagnosed breast cancers are non-palpable,and require some form of pre-operative localization to guide precise surgical excision. Currently, options for localization of non-palpable lesions are suboptimal in terms of patient experience, healthcare system resource utilization, and cost-effectiveness.

One of the most common approaches is radioactive seed localization (RSL). RSL consists of insertion of a small radioactive seed under ultrasound guidance to mark the centre and/or borders of the tumour. During the procedure the surgeon uses a hand-held probe to detect the seed and guide surgical excision of the lesion intra-operatively. While RSL is effective the use of a radioactive source is and poses many challenges for patients and staff. Another common approach is wired-guided localization (WGL). WGL involves implantation of a hooked wire to mark the centre or outer edges of the lesion. Due to modest cost and relative ease of use, WGL use is widespread, however disadvantages include significant patient discomfort, possible migration of the implanted wire, and potential difficulties in localizing axillary lymph nodes.

WHAT ARE THE INVESTIGATORS DOING? The investigative team of surgeons and scientists are examining an alternative approach to BCS called magnetic occult lesion localization and imaging (MOLLI). Analogous to RSL, this procedure involves implantation of a small passive magnetic seed - under ultrasound or mammographic imaging guidance - directly into or surrounding the tumour; during the procedure the surgeon uses a novel hand-held probe to intra-operatively detect the position of this seed and remove the tumour.

WHY IS THE STUDY BEING CONDUCTED? MOLLI offers many of the same benefits as RSL but without any radiation. MOLLI also has the potential to be more effective and accurate than other localization methods. MOLLI has recently been evaluated as part of a phase I clinical trial and was demonstrated to be a safe and effective localization technology. The goal for the current trial is to evaluate clinical and health economic outcomes with MOLLI compared to standard-of-care approaches to help improve access to a wireless, low-cost, but effective breast lesion localization technology for breast cancer patients.

WHAT WILL HAPPEN DURING THE STUDY? As part of this study, researchers will 1) evaluate identify barriers and facilitators related to MOLLI based on feedback from clinical staff, 2) demonstrate cost-effectiveness of MOLLI and 3) gather information on the participants' experience with the MOLLI seed. At each site, the first 25 participants will be treated with the standard of care for BCS (RSL or WGL), and the second 25 participants will be treated with MOLLI.

ARE THERE SIDE EFFECTS? No side effects are expected from the study treatments. Possible risks associated with using MOLLI include:

A small risk of bleeding A remote risk of allergic reaction to nickel contained in the MOLLI seeds

WHAT WILL HAPPEN AFTER THE STUDY? Participants may be contacted by a study team member up to and including 16 weeks (6.5 months) after the procedure to take part in a short telephone questionnaire. The questionnaire should take no more than 5 minutes to complete.

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